Planet Earth’s Extremes

Even the most intrepid traveller would struggle to say they’ve experienced everything that the planet has to offer. Here we list all of Earth’s extreme’s from the highest mountain to the lowest plain and lots more in between.

1. The coldest place on earth
In August 2010 a new record was set, on a remote ice plateau in East Antarctica where the temperatures ranged between -92 and -94°C (-134 to -137 F). This record beat the previous low of -89.2°C, also measured in Antarctica at the nearby Russian Vostok base on 21 July, 1983.

2. The coldest inhabited place on earth
In the village of Oymyakon, Russia, temperatures can drop to -67.7°C (-90 F). The ground is always frozen, but this community still manages to go to the bank, visit the post office and go to school. The 470 strong population endure sub-zero temperatures for around nine months of the year.

3. The hottest place on earth
100 years ago Death Valley, California measured record temperatures of 56.7°C (134 F) making it officially the hottest place on earth. However this was a peak temperature, not an average. In the Danakil Depression (known locally as the Dallol Depression) in Northern Ethiopia, the annual average temperature is 35°C (96 F) making it a clear contender in this category.

4. The highest elevation on earth
Mount Everest, stands at 8848m (29,029 ft) along the Nepalese-Chinese border in the heart of the Himalaya. The first climbers to conquer this staggering peak were Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay in 1953 and since then around 4000 have followed in their footsteps.

5. The lowest point on Earth
Sitting at 423m (1,388 ft) below sea level, the Dead Sea on the borders of Israel and Jordan is the site of the lowest elevation on the planet. It is also one of the saltiest seas on earth, which gives visitors the thrill of natural buoyancy, to be able to float without putting in any effort.

Earth's Extremes

6. The flattest place on Earth
Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia is over 4000 sq m (10,000 sq ft) of flat ground, which only varies in height by less than 1 m (3 ft) across its whole expanse. It also contains over a third of the planet’s natural lithium reserves.

7. The most populated country on Earth
When taking into account the land mass and the number of people that occupy this space, Monaco tops the list as the most densely populated country. With an area of just 0.78 sq mi (2.02 km2) Monaco manages to squeeze in a staggering 36,000+ residents.

8. The least populated country on Earth
On the flip side to Monaco, Mongolia has a population density of just 4 people per square mile. There are over 2.5million residents occupying just over 600,000 square miles of land. The population is limited to just a small proportion of land mainly due to the fact that such a small part of the land can be used for agriculture.

9. The driest place on Earth
The Atacama Desert, Chile has a minor amount of rainfall on a yearly basis, some parts are even believed to have received no rainfall at all for hundreds of years. The combination of high altitude and zero clouds make it a stargazers dream.

10. The wettest place on Earth
Mawsynram in India, however, has an annual average rainfall of over 11,000 mm each year.
The downpours are so heavy and intense that residing villagers have to sound-proof their huts with grass to soften the deafening drops.

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